Muffin Diabetic Pet Support Group
 

CANINE TREAT RECIPES

Gleaned from the Muffin Archives
(1997 - 2003)

compiled by Susan Flewelling

 
NOTE:  These treats are meant to be suggestions only and should be discussed with your veterinarian if you have any concerns regarding the ingredients.  They should also be given in moderation and factored into your pet's daily nutritional requirements and limitations.

If you can add to this with recipes or site links, please contact the Muffin Committee


 

submitted by Judy Daly,  MA

Who can refuse a cookie? These are high in fiber and complex carbohydrates,  good for the colon, and provide steady energy. The high iron content build the hemoglobin. And for good measure you have parsley and garlic to purify the system. these oat treats make a great snack for diabetic and anemic animals.

NOTE:   This recipe is from "Natural Pet Cures: Dog & Cat Care the Natural Way" by Dr. John Heinerman (ISBN 0-7352-0036-X, Prentice Hall Press, 1998 - www.phdirect.com) [for diabetic pets, omit the honey)
 

SUSAN'S OATMEAL COOKIES

3 Cups Oatmeal, uncooked
1 Cup cold filtered water
1 1/2 Cups whole-wheat flour
1 Tablespoon parsley, chopped
2 Egg yolks
1 Teaspoon bakig soda
2 Cloves garlic, chopped

Mix all ingredients together.  Spoon onto a greased cookie sheet.  Bake 12 to 15 minutes at 350 degrees. Place on a cooling rack.  Store in refrigerator for up to 2 months.



From Gina Barnett <barnettg@UCHASTINGS.EDU> of Canine-L:
(Note: Omit the molasses for diabetic treats)

FRED'S SECRET RECIPE

2 cups whole wheat flour (or if you have a dog allergic to wheat, use spelt, amaranth, garbanzo, or any flour of your choice)
½ cup rye flour
1/4 cup blue corn meal
1 tsp kelp powder
2 eggs mixed with 1/4 cup buttermilk
2 tbsp safflower oil
1/4 cup unsulphured molasses
½ - 3/4 cup mixture of raw unsalted seeds (sesame, pumpkin, sunflower, etc.)

Optional:
any herbs or supplements you want to add (spirulina, red clover, parsley, dandelion leaf, marshmallow root, ginger, astragalus, etc.) ½ cup of grated carrots, sweet potatoes, apples and chopped dates

Preheat oven to 300 degrees. Mix dry ingredients. Add oil, egg mixture and molasses. Knead together. Add water or a bit more milk if too dry. Add seed mixture and any optional ingredients. Let dough sit for ½ hour. Roll out to desired thickness and cut into shapes with cookie cutters. Bake on oiled cookie sheet for approx 30 minutes. To crisp cookies, turn off oven and let cookies sit for at least one hour. For glazed cookies, paint on an egg/milk glaze before baking.


This recipe just contains wheat germ and baby food - with discussions on baby food on the Muffin list in early 1999,  thought it might be suitable as an occasional treat. There are lots of other recipes on this Pomeranian page at: http://pages.prodigy.com/pomathon/pomtreat.htm

Dog Cookie Treats--Meat Flavored

 Yield: 1 batch
 1 c Wheat Germ
 2 Jars Meat Baby Food
 Mix both together until you have a stiff dough. Form into balls & place on cookie sheet. Flatten with fork. Bake at 350 degrees for 20 - 35 minutes until desired hardness. Can be frozen. Posted on Prodigy BBs by Linda Satterfied/email: DKWK78A Submitted to the POMERAMA by Ursula R. Taylor/email: DNTK78B@prodigy.com



In 1998, Brenda wrote:

I have made Cody's treats out of his dog food.  You can use dry but it is
easiest with the canned.  Just cut them up into bite size pieces and microwave
or my preference is to bake (at 350 for ~30-40 minutes).

This treat has met with a great deal of success on Muffin!


While searching through the digests, I came across this recipe posted originally by Paula and Gaia back in 1998:

THE NO BARKING AT THE TABLE BY Wendy Boyd-Smith, pub by Lip Smackers, Inc., PO Box,5385, Culver City, CA 90231-5385; 301-641-0578

One recipe is

COOKIES WITH CHICKEN BROTH

makes: 48-60 cookies

2 cups whole wheat flour
2/3 cups yellow cornmeal
1/2 cup shelled sunflower seeds
2 eggs mixed with 1/4 cup low fat milk
2 tablespoons corn oil
1/2 cup chicken broth

GLAZE: Beat 1 egg; lightly brush on cookies before baking.  Preheat oven to 350 degrees.  In a large bowl, mix dry ingredients and seeds together.  Add oil, broth, and egg mixture.. On a lightlyfloured surface, roll out dough 1/4 inch thick. Cut into shapes and brush with glaze. Bake for 25-35 minutes until golden brown. Take out and cool. store in an airtight container.


Milk Bone Dog Biscuits

submitted by: Susan Flewelling

Here's a recipe that I think the DDs could have as a treat - I made it with a 1/4 cup of vegetable oil (all that marg didn't sound good) and garlic powder (not garlic salt) in place of the salt. - and hot water instead of meat juice 'cause we don't have that here.  The powdered milk I used was Carnation skim (Come to think of it, maybe I didn't make this recipe at all. <g>)

3/4 C hot water or meat juices
1/3 C margarine
1/2 C powdered milk
1/2 t. salt
1 egg
3 C whole wheat flour

Variation: increase margarine to 1/2 C and add 2 t. sugar

In large bowl pour hot water over margarine.  Stir in powdered milk, salt and egg.  Add flour, 1/2 C at a time, mixing well after each addition.  Knead 3 or 4 times to stiff dough.  Pat or roll to 1/2 inch thickness and cut.  Bake at 325 degrees F for 50 minutes.  Allow to coll and dry out until hard.  Makes approximately 1 1/4 pounds.  Costs approximately 25 cents per pound.


Baby Food Soft Doggie Cookies

submitted by: Susan Flewelling

Here's another one.  I printed out "tons" of recipes some months ago - just now looking through them but there appear to be many that the DD can eat safely.  As babyfood was discussed some time back, i'm posting this one.  But from time to time, someone is looking for treat recipes so I'll put these into one file for future reference.
 

3 - 2 1/2 oz. jars of baby food, either beef or chicken
1/4 C dry milk powder
1/4 C wheat germ

Combine ingredients in a bowl and mix well.  Roll into small balls and place on well-greased cookie shet.  Flatten slightly with a fork.  Bake in preheated 350 F. oven for 15 minutes or until brown.  Cool on wire racks and STORE IN REFRIGERATOR.  Also freezes well.

note: Cream of Wheat can be substituted for the wheat germ.

Cookies are soft and chewy.

I got this and other recipes at http://godzilla.eecs.berkeley.edu/recipes/dog/
 


Healthy Dog Treats

Note from Uta's Mom on Milkbone Super Premium treats for dogs
 

Shared this before, here it is again.  Check out the new Milkbone Super Premium treats for dogs. High protein, contains 25 essential vitamins and minerals, naturally preserved.No artificial
colors. No sugar. Ten calories per treat, 0.5g of fat.

Web site: www.milkbone.com
Phone 1-888-MILKBONE.
 


St. Nick Snack and Beefy Dog Biscuits

Submitted by:  "Phyllis Posey" <spig@bigfoot.com>

Just found these 2 recipes in my Dec. 1998 Country Living magazine.  Don't really see anything in them that would hurt our dogs. Let me know what yall think.
 
 

St. Nick Snack

3 cups whole wheat flour
1 cup cornmeal
1 cup oats
2/3 cup instant nonfat dry milk  powder
1-1/2 cup chicken broth
1/2 cup corn oil ( I used Safflower)
2 eggs

Mix altogether; Roll out & cut into shape ( I have a little dog bone cutter) & bake in a 350 degree oven for 30 mins; Doesn't have to be refrigerated.
 
 

Beefy Dog Biscuits

1 cup whole wheat flour
1 cup cornmeal
1/2 cup wheat germ
1/2 cup ground beef
1/2 cup beef broth
1/2 cup vegetable oil
1 egg

I just made the first recipe & when it  cools, I will give Laddie one.  I tasted one & kinda bland for me.   HA!   I'm sure Laddie will like it.  Since he usually has his  low point of the day around 11am, I give him a little bone to help bring him up a bit.  Well, enjoy & let me know if you see anything wrong with these.   Not to sure about adding the ground beef, but I might try this recipe anyway.


"Medi-Treats" by Medi-Cal

Note from  "Laurie Lanfer" <ldlanfer@total.net>
Great news for  Pussycat owners !!

Medi-Cal has just introduced a treat that is safe for diabetic cats!!  And Roy-Boy really likes them!!  (He sticks his paw in the bag and pulls them out one at a time!)

They are called "Medi-Treats", and have only 1.6 calories per kibble.  In addition, they are supposed to control tartar and prevent hair balls.

Guaranteed analysis:

Moisture  max. 10%
Protein  min. 23%
Lipid  min. 6%
Ash  max. 9.5%
Fibre  max. 2.5%
Calcium  min. 0.8%
Phosphorus min. 0.7%
Magnesium max. 0.1%

Our regular vet gave them to us as a present..., and I verified with Roy-Boy's specialist and vet-tech (who orders all the food for the hospital) who said that they were perfectly okay for diabetics (as a treat) as they were not high in calories.

Laurie and Roy-Boy
Montreal, Canada


Carob Treats

Suggestion from: Melicia <melicia@bellatlantic.net>

If you can't find the Good Boy chocolate drops and they are made of carob, you could always buy carob chips in a health food store and some candy molds. That way you could make them any size you wanted and they do have sugar free carob- just make sure to check the label as it also comes with sugar. When you melt it you will need to add a little corn oil , it doesn't melt quite as easy as chocolate. I make some natural dog cookies and dip them in carob- dogs love them.  Just an idea.


Beat the Heat Treats

Suggestions from:  Bamandpeb@aol.com

Maybe our cats are strange, but these are their favorite "beat the heat treats".

Morris (dc) loves pineapple.  Whenever I cook a Hawaiian Pizza he comes in the kitchen begging for pineapple.  (Since he has been diagnosed as being diabetic, we don't let him have very much pineapple.)

Sherlock likes grapes.  Two years ago when I was home recovering from surgery my coworkers sent me a fruit basket.  Sherlock kept stealing the grape bunches and would run off with them.

BamBam loves ice cubes.  He will put his head down and lick ice cubes in a glass of water etc.  Also, he dips his paws in the beverage and licks his paws off.  So far he likes water, peach flavored ice tea and rootbeer pop.

Slyvester (our cat that died 31/2 years ago) really liked honeydew melons.  He would lick the juice off the inside of the rind.

Scooter (our cat that died 3 months after Slyvester) liked corn on the cob. He would steal the corn right off your plate and run off with it between his legs.


Baby Food Dog Cookie Treats - Meat Flavoured

From: Susan Flewelling <kmm1@telusplanet.net>

This recipe just contains wheat germ and baby food - with discussions  on baby food recently, thought it migh be suitable as an occasional  treat.  There are lots of other recipes on this Pomeranian page at: http://pages.prodigy.com/pomathon/pomtreat.htm

Dog Cookie Treats--Meat Flavored
          Yield: 1 batch
          1 c Wheat Germ
          2 Jars Meat Baby Food
          Mix both together until you have a stiff dough. Form into balls & place on cookie sheet.   Flatten with fork. Bake at 350 degrees for 20 - 35 minutes until desired hardness. Can  be frozen. Posted on Prodigy BBs by Linda Satterfied/email:
          DKWK78A Submitted to the POMERAMA by Ursula R. Taylor/email:
          DNTK78B@prodigy.com


from Johanna and Jasper Julep Longtail

 I steer clear of all the dog treat stuff because it usually ends up in a case of drinking loads of water and "poopies."  I also avoid bready things as they are high in carbos and the result is a flood on my floor in the morning.  Carrots are his veggie of choice, though celery is right up there, too.  I have found that with the veggies it helps with the old digestive troubles he used to have. I suppose this is the fiber, but am not sure. (Jasper will tell you that _all_ snacks are perfectly acceptable,


From: Carla Stephenson

My sugarbaby, Roger the Bichon and his little friend Oliver, a pom, live for treats.  Both have always loved helping me cook cause this means treats and raw veggies are thankfully their first choice.  My vet can't believe this but says go for it.

Carrots, bell pepper, green beans, broccoli, the list is long.  Some favorites have been cut for Roger - a raw potato man- but Oliver still gets his favorite --watermelon.  They do tricks to get these and the veggies are crunchy and seem to satisfy the need for treats.


From: linda m glass <lglass@weir.net>

I don't have a recipe-however I have found some dog biscuits that are very good.  They are called Bark N Fetch Buscuits and are made by Three Dog Bakery.  They have no salt, no sugar,no chemicals or artificial preservatives.  The ingredients are all natural.  For instance the bag Tyler is on now are the Peanut Butter ones.  The only ingredients are whole wheat flour, corn meal, peanuts and eggs.  The other flavors may have natural sugar-ie the Apple Cinnamin(which smell like a fresh apple
pie)

I usually give him one as his midnightish snack or when he's having a not good day(banging into things)and he loves them!  You can find them at Petsmart stores or they have a web site that has all the ordering info.

http://www.threedog.com


From: Susan Flewelling 

I "stole" this from Canine-L for those of you who might want to make a treat for your pups for Christmas - it was posted by   Camille Partridge - It looks quite safe as a treat for the DDs.  If any of you see something to cause you concern in the ingredients, please jump in and let us know:

If you want a soft chewy cookie that is fairly "meaty", you can use a can of dog food, a cup of oat or corn meal, a cup of rice or wheat flour, two eggs as binder, and a tablespoon of garlic powder.  Spread it out on a cookie sheet lined with waxed paper that has been sprayed with something like Pam, it will be fairly thin.  Bake at 350 for 30-35 minutes, remove, cool and cut into whatever size piece you want to use.  Refridgerate the cookies, or divide into batches and freeze some portions for later use.
This makes a soft, chewy treat that works well as bait or training treats. I used to do this with Bucky's prescription canned food so he had cookies, since he could not eat regular dog cookies with lamb, chicken or beef.  I currently use a canned product called Neura 95% (available in chicken or beef), which is 95% meat, so diluting it out into cookies means a still very meaty treat that the dogs love.  Plus, it is nowhere near as  disgusting as liver for bait!  ;-)  (If you want to use liver in the recipe, puree a pound of liver and everything else is the same, only  stinkier as a final outcome.)


From: Lisa and Kristil Garnet dd.

 I also make her baby food chx or turkey, with wheat germ from health food store and non-fat dry milk all mixed
together and dropped on cookie sheet baked at 350 for 15 minutes or until brown.  It only makes a small amount and she could eat them all at once and has.  But, I have gotten stronger to not kill her with kindness.

2 jars baby food chx and turkey has no sugar and only 2 grams of Carbs.
7 tablespoons wheat germ
4 tablespoons non-fat dry milk

Add everything slowly and one at a time because it is sticky. Trust me, I made the mistake of putting everything in at once and oh boy!!!  Trial and error.  But that day we had one hell of a bake off afternoon. 


From:   Will Kamishlian 

My vet has suggested that I give carrots or pieces of celery as treats.  Sasha, my Lab, seems to prefer baby carrots over manufactured treats.  Another alternative my vet suggested is rice cakes cut into pieces.


From: Norma Wayco 

We had been making home made cookies (treats) garnered from this list for our furbabies but recently tried the canned dog food treat approach.  We first heard this idea here and our Vet also highly endorsed it.  We take Eukanuba canned food, put it in refrig. for a few hours, open it and make small mounds, press with fork and bake in oven for 1 hour at 350.  We get about 25 cookies and give l/2 of each to each pup.  We keep them in freezer only bringing out a few at a time so they don't go bad.  This is soooooo much easier than making from scratch and our guys like it better than the p-nut ones we were making from this
list.
Norma and Casper (dx 1-99, 7yo Maltese) and Morgan (rescued, 7yo Maltese
getting shots for allergies and empathy)
Atlanta, GA


From: Nicole (and Tasha, dd dx 09/99)

Here's my recipe for "legal" treats for our furbabies.  If anyone wants to substitute shortening (I use vegetable shortening) for canola oil or saffower oil, could you please let me know if it works out.  I use a 2 1/2 inch bone shaped cookie cutter for mine because I have small dogs.  The single recipe makes about 5 dozen small cookies about 1 1/2 dozen large cookies (and a few
dozen medium sized cookies).  The bigger the cookie - the longer it will take  - so you may need to adjust the times. 

DOG BISCUITS

1 CUP WHOLE WHEAT FLOUR
  CUP ALL PURPOSE FLOUR
  CUP SKIM MILK POWDER
  CUP ROLLED OATS
  CUP YELLOW CORNMEAL
  CUP FINELY GRATTED CHEDDAR CHEESE (OPTIONAL)
1/3  CUP SHORTENING
1 EGG, SLIGHTLY BEATEN
  CUP WARM BEEF/CHICKEN/VEGETABLE BROTH

Combine flours, milk, rolled oats, corn meal, cheese in medium bowl.  Cut shortening until mixture resembles coarse crumbs.  Stir in egg,  add broth slowly into mixture stirring with fork to moisten.  Form dough into ball and knead on floured board for about 5 minutes or until smooth and elastic. Divide dough into two balls and roll out each   inch thick. 

Make cut-outs with cookie cutters or make nuggets by rolling dough into 1-inch diameter log: cut off  - inch pieces. Arrange shapes on microwave safe plate. 

For small cookies - microwave at 50% power (medium) for 3 minutes, turn over, microwave for another 2 minutes (medium) or until firm to the touch (the cookies will sizzle a bit).  Be careful, because they can burn easily if cooked too long. (I usually burn a few in the last batch - don't ask me why!)  If you feel they are not quite ready, microwave for about 20 seconds longer (at medium) a time until done. The smaller the cookie, the less time they need for cooking - the larger the cookie, the more time you'll need.  For larger cookies -  about 6 per plate - cook 6-9 minutes at medium, turning over once during cooking. Cool cookies. Cookies will crisp as they cool.  Store in airtight jar - they will keep for about a month.


MARCIA'S FAMOUS PUMPKIN MUFFIN RECIPE

From: Marcia Walsh
 (thank you to Animal Planet)
 

 2C flour
 1C rolled oats
 1/2tsp cinnamon
 1/2tsp nutmeg
 1/2tsp baking soda
 1/2 tbs baking powder
 mix all dry ingredients in one bowl

 IN SEPARATE BOWL, MIX TOGETHER"
 4 eggs
 2/3 C Canola Oil
 2 C Pureed pumpkin
 1/2 tsp vanilla
 mix wet ingredients

 add wet ingredients to dry, mix together,  pour into muffin tins,  bake @ 350, 20-25 min***

 I used the mini muffin tins, believe that you can buy cups for muffins at  grocery store, if you don't have tins,  if you use the mini's, decrease the cooking time (well,,duhhh! :-)  )

 Marcia, & et all

 --- Michael Walsh
 --- mikeydoodles@earthlink.net



 

From: Jackie in California (Max dd and Tori n-dd)

 You can buy matching canned  food-all the above brands make them, and slice the can into 1/2 inch slices,  like corned beef hash, and cut each slice into quarters ans bake at 350 for  6-8 minutes and make treats--I keep mine in a ziplock bag and take a few out 


Homemade yoghurt

From:   Susan Flewelling

You might check to see what's in the starter - I think you can use plain  store bought yoghurt for the starter (make sure it live culture).  Someone suggested putting it in a thermos after its been well heated with hot water.
 

for one quart:

Scald (do NOT boil) 4 cups of milk on medium heat until a film forms on top.  Remove from the burner and let cool to app. 110 degrees. Pour into a quart jar and add app. 2 Tb. of either yogurt with live cultures or yogurt starter. Then let rest in a warm overn (110-120 degrees) or set up a warm water bath (110 degrees) for 4 - 8 hours. Michelle suggested a warm water bath in a cooler, we did that and it worked great. It will start to thicken but will not completely firm up until it is cooled. Keep in fridge.


FROSTY PAWS

Note:  You might be able to play around with recipe use artifical sweetener - use the homemade yoghurt - maybe some articifical flavoring without sugar in it - I don't think baby food has sugar in it - has it?    Of course, you wn't have frosty paws when you're done but  you might have a nice cool treat that will take the place of ice cream.

32 oz. vanilla yogurt
1 mashed banana or one large jar of baby fruit
2 Tblsp. peanut butter
2 Tblsp. honey

Blend all together and freeze in either 3 oz. paper cups or ice cube trays.   Microwave just a few seconds before serving.  You can also make   this with baby food meat instead of the fruit and peanut butter.


From: Linda Underhill

Hi everyone!    I have bought Archway "human sugar free cookies" for a treat for Heidi (dd) and Crosby.  You can get peanut Butter, Lemon, oatmeal, also a sugar free wafer in chocolate, vanilla and strawberry.  I ask my Vet, he said as long as there is NO SUGAR they should be fine.  After they eat there evening meal, a little W/D mixed with Eukaunba Glucose Control, when my husband and I sit down for our meal I will give each one half a cookie, doesn't seem to hurt Heidi at all.  The Vet said they probably had better ingredients in them than some dog treats.  I also buy Gerber baby food, green beans with turkey, no sugar and no fat, they love them!   I find it hard to get dog treats without some form of sugar in them.

Linda, Heidi and Crosby (why not human cookies, we ARE HUMANS!)


From: Linda Underhill 

Our K-mart, Wal-mart and Osco Stores also carry Archway cookies.  I forgot that sometimes I also buy the Gerber Baby
Meat Sticks, looks like real small hot dogs, they love them.  No sugar!  and they come in either Turkey or Chicken.
These are for special occassions, which I'm sure they think should be everyday!  Such spoiled kids!!!!


From: Shari Burghart 
http://sites.netscape.net/esby/angelvest.html

The favorite treat around here is jerky. That's the homemade variety, without all the salt. If you have a dehydrator, great, but I'm sure you could make it in a slow oven - the dehydrator reads 145 . Slice the meat (beef roast or thick round steak or boneless chicken breasts) about 1/8" thick. I usually toss them with a little *low sodium* soy sauce, or garlic powder. Let them dehydrate over night, or all day.


IDEAS FROM JULIE HISE'S KITCHEN
In 2000 Julie Hise had this suggestion for treats:
 

For treats, Sam gets 1/2 hardboiled egg after each shot and after each meal
she get 1 of  her homemade biscuts.

To spice up her food, I save the juice(Cooked and seasoned with garlic) from the liver and mix it in the veges.


FROM PHYLLIS & LADDIE

 I just found out that it came from the Dec. 1998 issue of Country Living.   It's been so long ago.  I have very seldom given Laddie hamburger meat though as it's to fatty.  He usually always gets chicken.  I have given him lamb before & I have actually given him a tad of round steak but again any of the red meats cause his BG to go higher.  The recipes I have used are these:

St. Nick Snack

1 1/2 c whole wheat flour
1/2 c cornmeal
1/2 c oats
1/3 c instant nonfat dry milk powder
1 TBLs. garlic powder
3/4 c chicken broth
1/4 c corn oil ( I used Safflower)
1 egg

Mix altogether.  Roll dough out & cut into shape ( I use a doggie bone) & 
bake in a 350 degrees oven for 30 mins.  Does not have to be refrigerated.  I 
wish they turned out harder though, but I think you can leave them in the oven 
with it off for an hour or so & they are suppose to get harder.  I think.  
 

Beefy Dog Bisquits  
( I don't think I have ever used this one as I don't like the hamburger meat in it as it's fatty.)

1 c whole wheat floour
1 c corneal
1/2 c wheat germ
1/2 c ground beef
1/2 c beef broth
1/2 c vegetable oil
1 egg

Mix dry ingredients & add to wet ingredients.  Roll out & cut into shapes & 
cook at 350 or 400 degrees for 25-35 mins. until crispy.

In Dr. Pitcairns book, he has some recipes as well.

Phyllis/Laddie


LINDA & POKE'S SALMON PUFFS

Take a can (or two) of salmon, add an equal amount or more of diced small fresh veggies, (I usually use celery and zucchini, but the sky's the limit, as long as they are diced small enough to cook quickly in the oven), add an egg per can, and enough of any binder you choose to hold it all together....I use bread cubes, and sometimes some uncooked oatmeal, but you can experiment with rice, or flour, depending on what you want to give your dog. I will add ground flax seed also, or wheat germ.

It's kind of like making meat loaf, but the mixture as I make it is usually pretty "goopy"  just formed enough by the bread to hold it together into goopy balls...I spoon it onto a baking sheet in balls and bake it, at 350...I haven't timed it, but it usually puffs up into "cookies"  within 30 minutes, and you have to watch it, because it will burn if cooked too long.

Once cooked, they freeze well, and can be taken out for treats or addition to a meal...they defrost quickly.

I make Poke's pretty goopy because I give her very little grains in her diet, try to stick to protein and veggies, but depending on your diet for JoJo, you could make them into harder cookies by adding more grains. I also use the same recipe to make a salmon loaf for Poke, which sometimes I use for her major meal.

Linda and Poke

 

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